Disaster Preparedness

WEEK FOUR // May 24–31, 2021

Virtual Webinar Sponsored by:

Week Sponsored by:

Disaster Preparedness

WEEK FOUR // May 24–31, 2021

Virtual Webinar Sponsored by:

Week Sponsored by:

Natural disasters are increasing in severity and frequency. Advance planning for
devastating events like hurricanes, floods, snowstorms, tornadoes, wildfires and earthquakes helps
individuals and communities increase the health and safety of their population during a disaster, protects
the local tax base, ensures continuity of essential services and supports a faster recovery in the aftermath
of a disaster. Here’s how you can help your family and community:

Build to the Latest Codes

One of the best ways for communities to prepare for disasters is to build to the most up-to-date, modern
building codes. Disaster mitigation through the adoption and enforcement of building codes provides you, your
family and your community protection in the event of a natural disaster. Only 35 percent of hazard-prone
jurisdictions in the U.S. adopt the latest two editions of hazard-resistant building codes. Broken down by
hazard, that statistic is 69 percent for hurricane-prone, 49 percent for flood-prone, 70 percent for
earthquake-prone, 71 percent for exposure to damaging wind, and 26 percent for tornado-prone jurisdictions.

It is also very important that codes are properly applied. Proper application requires that local building
departments be sufficiently staffed with plan reviewers, inspectors and other qualified professionals, and that
building officials are trained and stay up to date with code advancements through continuing education (more on
this in Week Two). Studies
show good code enforcement decreases loss following disasters by up to 25 percent. When states and local
jurisdictions apply the latest codes and they are diligently enforced, they are more
likely to qualify
for federal pre-disaster mitigation funding and for more post-disaster recovery
assistance. Further, newly expanded
FEMA grants
in the U.S. will fund code adoption, administration and enforcement pre- and post-disaster –
providing new resources for U.S. communities to update or build out enforcement efforts.

FEMA’s landmark 2020 study Building Codes Save: A Nationwide Study, shows that modern hazard-resistant building
codes lead to major reduction in property losses from predictable natural disasters. The FEMA report calculates
losses from three types of natural hazard (earthquakes, flooding, and hurricane winds) for each state and
Washington, D.C. Cumulative losses avoided across the US from codes that have already been adopted are projected
to grow to over $132 billion by the year 2040. For more information on Building Codes Save, please visit:

The National Institute of Building Sciences found that
adopting the International Residential and Building Codes generates a
national benefit of $11 for every $1 invested. The same report found that designing to exceed select
provisions of the I-Codes and adopting the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code would save an additional
$4 for every $1 spent.

The I-Codes, developed by the International Code Council, are a family of fifteen coordinated, modern building
safety codes used in all 50 U.S. states and in many other countries that protect against disasters like fires,
weather-related events and structural collapse.

The development and widespread adoption of building codes creates a uniform regulatory environment in which
design professionals and contractors are held to a set of standards adopted by and applicable to the
jurisdiction in which they work. The Rebuilding of London Act of 1666, after the Great Fire of London that same
year, was the first building code of the modern era. Building regulation in the United States began in the late
1800s when major cities began to adopt and enforce building codes, also in response to large fires in densely
populated urban areas. Over time, the scope of building codes broadened. Today, building codes address
structural integrity, lighting, ventilation, safe egress, construction materials as well as fire resistance.
They specify the minimum requirements to safeguard the health, safety and general welfare of building occupants.

To learn more about building codes, check out:

Documents summarizing the hazard-resistant provisions of the I-Codes are available at FEMA's Building Code
Resources page. CodeMasters, which are easy-to-follow reference guides for designing in accordance with the
latest I-Codes, are available on seismic, wind, snow and flood loads, and are available in the Code Council store.

FEMA’s National Building
Code Adoption Tracking Portal
is a detailed interactive map that shows counties at risk, by hazard, and
whether that county has adopted the latest hazard-resistant building codes for that specific hazard without
weakening the building codes.

Click below to view free video courses on flood provisions of the International Residential Code.

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Prepare Your Family

Making sure your family is prepared for any natural disaster is important. Below are some of the steps you can take
to prepare your family and protect your home from natural disasters. Your actions can ensure that no matter what
Mother Nature brings, you, your family and your community will be resilient.

Help is available from code officials post-disaster. Inter-local agreements, mutual aid agreements and
state-to-state agreements through the Emergency Management Assistance
Compact (EMAC)
are providing help with building inspections when needed. FEMA
P-2055 Post-disaster Building Safety Evaluation Guidance: Report on the Current State of Practice
, including
Recommendations Related to Structural and Nonstructural Safety and Habitability can also be of assistance. The Code
Council and the National Council of Structural Engineers Associations (NCSEA) have joined forces to create the Disaster Response Alliance, a national, digital database of
volunteers to assist local, state or federal entities who need skilled, trained and certified building safety
professionals in the aftermath of a disaster.

Below are some resources the Code Council has to help you prepare your family and protect your home from natural

You can also read the Code Council's Building Safety Journal article, "Above
the flood: Protecting lives, homes and businesses from extreme flooding."

Here are a few tips to follow when preparing your family for any emergency.

  • Determine your risk. Identifying and understanding possible
    hazards and emergencies is the first step in preparing for natural disasters.
  • Consider incorporating a safe
    in building plans and improvements. A safe room is a hardened structure specifically designed
    to meet FEMA criteria and provide near-absolute protection in extreme weather events, including tornadoes
    and hurricanes.
  • Sign up for your community’s warning system. The Emergency Alert System and National Oceanic and Atmospheric
    Administration Weather Radio also provide emergency alerts.
  • Develop a family disaster plan that
    includes a list of food and water supplies needed for each member of your family and supplies for your pets.
    Make copies of important documents like insurance policies, the deed to your home, and other personal
    papers, important phone numbers and a home inventory.
  • Store important documents in a waterproof container and create password-protected digital copies.
  • Review your evacuation route and emergency shelter locations
    with your family. Options for evacuation would include staying with friends and relatives, seeking
    commercial lodging or staying in a mass care facility operated by disaster relief groups in conjunction with
    local authorities.
  • Taking shelter is critical in times of disaster. Sheltering in
    place is appropriate when conditions require that you seek protection in your home, place of employment or
    other location where you are when disaster strikes.
  • Review your plan regularly. If you make changes that affect the information in your disaster plan, update it
  • Visit FEMA’s Prepareathon! to learn more about how to
    prepare for earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, wildfires and winter storms. Get Involved to help prepare your family and community.

Modern building codes ensure that your home is built using the latest practices and standards. The Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH) has created a series of videos that
demonstrate the critical need for residential building codes. Find out more about the building codes in place in
your area by visiting InspectToProtect.org.

PSAs from the Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH)


A Tale of Two Homes
Are you code Confident(1:15)

Four-way stop:
Optional Doesn't Work for Traffic Safety (:30)

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Protect Your Home

The power of natural disasters can be overwhelming. While you can't necessarily stop them from happening, there are
steps you can take to increase your home's chance of survival, even in the face of the worst that Mother Nature can
dish out. Protecting your home can range from taking simple measures like protecting windows or elevating
appliances, to more complete building retrofit measures. See Additional Information and Resources below for links to
hazard-specific guidance on protecting your home.

Several lines of insurance are available to cover financial damage from various hazards. To learn more about
protecting your home financially through insurance, see FLASH’s Homeowner’s Insurance Guide to
Natural Disasters

Flood insurance can be the difference between recovering and being financially devastated. Just one inch of water in
a home can cost more than $25,000 in damages. The average flood insurance claims payment to homeowners was about
$90,000 from the Baton Rouge floods in 2016 and $65,000 for Superstorm Sandy that struck the Northeast in 2012.

FEMA's Individual Assistance Program, during times of federally-declared disasters, can provide financial assistance
for home repairs, rental assistance, and other needs in the U.S., but the average payouts are much smaller, on the
order of $6,000 to $8,000 per household — why risk it? For more information on flood insurance, visit floodsmart.gov.

The Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI) has created a number of infographics and videos to help
consumers and businesses prepare, weather and recover from natural disasters

The ICC Pulse
Podcast: Episode 3
featured two guests from FEMA's Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration
to discuss pre-disaster mitigation.
In a special episode of the ICC Pulse Podcast last July, two structural
engineers discussed the Searles Valley (Calif) Earthquakes and shared insight on seismic design provisions
in the building code.
Episode 37 the ICC Pulse Podcast
, Code Council VP of Government Relations Gabe Maser talks with FEMA
Director of the Planning, Safety and Building Science Division Edward Laatsch about FEMA’s recent report,
"Building Codes Save – A Nationwide Study of Loss Prevention."

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Benchmark Your Community’s Resilience

There are important measures that can be taken at a community level to reduce the impacts of disasters. Benchmarks
allow a community to identify how resilient they currently are and the steps they can take to improve. Learn more
about resilience and the I‑Codes in Week One: Energy &

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Additional Information and Resources

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Join us for our free virtual event:
“The Future of Building Codes and Hazard Mitigation”
sponsored by 4LEAF