The Code Council hosted a webinar on BRIC on September 16th which featured leaders from FEMA and state and local government, who outlined the opportunity for building and fire prevention departments through BRIC and shared best practices for how to successfully leverage BRIC through coordination with hazard mitigation officials. Click here to access webinar playback. Download a PDF of the webinar slides here.
Click here for a fact sheet with key information on how BRIC promotes the adoption and enforcement of hazard resistant codes.
Click here for additional information on the Code Council’s When Disaster Strikes Institute, which FEMA mentions in its BRIC materials on eligible code activities. After a disaster, assessing damage and determining whether structures can be re-inhabited is a challenge. When assessments are not conducted quickly, a community’s residents may potentially reoccupy unsafe structures. The Code Council’s When Disaster Strikes Institute is a two-day course available virtually that can train code officials and others to conduct assessments quickly and thoroughly, collecting all required data.
All BRIC projects are reviewed on technical criteria. Out of 100 total available points, state applicants earn 20 points if they require the 2015 or 2018 International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code (IRC). Click here for state adoption information regarding the IBC and IRC.
Over the past twenty years communities worldwide have experienced disaster events that have significantly impacted their society, economy, and culture. As populations grow, urban areas expand, and interconnectedness increases, the potential for a disaster event to have deeper and further-reaching consequences also increases. As a result, there is a need to implement measures that increase societal, economic, and cultural resilience—community resilience.
Resiliency is about the ability to plan and prepare for, absorb, recover from, and more successfully adapt to adverse events regardless of whether the subject is an individual or our society, a business or our economy, a single bridge or all critical infrastructure.
We frame resilience in the built environment in four ways: (1) efficient disaster mitigation and recovery, (2) ensuring occupant mental and physical health and wellbeing, (3) improving building life cycles, and (4) creating a sustainable community.
The International Code Council has several resources available to assist jurisdictions, manufacturers and the public with these building practices. For decades, ICC’s codes and standards have addressed resilient and energy-related issues and we remain committed to working with Member Jurisdictions and industry partners to bring the right building products and practices to market, labeling new homes and structures as more efficient, and spreading the word about the need for wiser resource usage and building resilient structures.
Creating a resilient nation requires diligent planning and innovative thinking. Incorporating new technologies in current building practices to achieve higher resiliency is exciting but can be expensive. Thankfully, effectively utilizing current codes and standards throughout all phases of the building’s lifecycle increases the efficacy of new building technologies and offers a cost effective path toward community stability during times of disaster. Resilience starts with strong, regularly updated, and properly implemented building codes.
Building codes are a fundamental contributor to community resilience. A community cannot be resilient without resilient buildings and the codes that support their development. As identified in Building Community Resilience through Modern Model Building Codes, “Resilience in the built environment starts with strong, regularly adopted, and properly administered building codes.”
Numerous studies have been conducted to date to determine the effectiveness of codes and support updates based on lessons learned following disasters. The National Institute of Buildings Sciences (NIBS) in its Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2018 Interim Reportfound that adoption of the 2018 International Building Code (IBC) and the 2018 International Residential Code (IRC) provide an $11 benefit for every $1 invested when compared to codes in place around 1990. Higher benefits can accrue when benefits and costs are studied at a more localized level. Learn more about how Up-To-Date Building Codes Support Safe, Sustainable and Resilient Communities.
A “whole community” approach
Communities are complex, interconnected systems. Community systems are rarely, if ever, isolated from one another. When adverse events occur, all components in the local system must continue to function. An office building with functioning electricity cannot effectively operate if employees are unable to commute because public transit is shutdown. A structure built to code that stands tall in a disaster must be reachable by roads and sidewalks during and after that disaster to be occupied. Employees can’t effectively function if grocery store shelves are bare, etc.
For a community to be resilient, it must understand the resilience of each community function and how well each can respond to adverse events. That means having a community plan to get critical systems operating again. Resilience in the built environment begins with strong, regularly adopted and properly administered building codes, but communities must look across all of its interconnected functions to truly be a resilient community.
Through the Alliance for National & Community Resilience (ANCR), the Code Council is working to build on the strong foundation provided by building codes to support a whole community approach to protecting the health, safety and welfare of communities and their residents.
Efficient Disaster Mitigation & Recovery
Provisions in the I-Codes address disaster preparedness and recovery – from how and where to build in flood plains to constructing buildings that can better withstand natural and manmade disasters.
Codes are cost-effective, too. A study for FEMA done by the National Institute of Building Sciences’ Multihazard Mitigation Council showed that for every dollar spent on mitigation efforts like adopting current codes, four dollars were saved in post-disaster relief costs.
Ensuring Mental & Physical Health and Wellbeing
Provisions in the I-Codes address mental and physical health and well-being from dealing with sanitation and pest control to designing buildings that respond to the latest science on mood and mental health.
Improving Building Life Cycles
Provisions in the I-Codes enable changes to the systems inside the building or even the structure itself at some point after its initial construction and occupation including repair, alteration, change of occupancy, addition to and relocation of existing buildings.
As communities change, so do the buildings they use. Updated codes allow buildings to adapt, keeping a sense of continuity while also reducing blight from outdated, unused buildings.
Creating a Sustainable Community
Provisions in the I-Codes include sustainability measures for the entire construction project and its site making buildings more efficient and less economically and environmentally wasteful.
Building sustainably has effects that go beyond the walls and into the community – for example, car charging stations make it easier to own eco-friendly vehicles and smart grid demand response systems lower energy prices for the consumer and increase grid stability for the surrounding area.
The Intersection of Codes and Resilience
Introduction to Resilience and the Building Codes:
These three studies are a good place to start learning about how Building Codes contribute to resilience!
2018 International Green Construction Code® (IgCC®) – This was the first model code to include sustainability and resilience measures for an entire construction project and its site—from design, through construction, certificate of occupancy and beyond. The IgCC establishes a baseline for new and existing commercial buildings related to energy conservation, water efficiency, site impacts, building waste, material resource efficiency and other sustainability measures. While establishing such minimum requirements for buildings, the IgCC® also offers flexibility to jurisdictions that adopt the code by establishing several levels of compliance; starting with the core provisions of the code, and then offering jurisdictional requirement options that can be customized to fit the needs of a local community. The code acts as an overlay to the existing set of International Codes, including provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code® and ICC-700 National Green Building Standard™, and incorporates ASHRAE Standard 189.1 as an alternate path to compliance.
2018 International Building Code (IBC)
The scope of the IBC is clearly focused on assuring that a community’s building stock supports the resilience of the community. Reducing the impacts on people and property in the face of multiple shocks and stresses allows communities to survive and ultimately thrive. Like all the I-Codes, the IBC is focused on life-safety, protecting occupants from adverse impacts from buildings. However, it also recognizes where buildings intersect with other important community functions that support overall safety including utility connections, the performance of community shelters, building codes and code departments as part of the emergency planning process, and the importance of critical facilities.
Sets minimum energy efficiency provisions for both residential and commercial buildings. The IECC covers new construction, additions, remodeling, window replacement and repairs of specified buildings with each implementing the green construction code that will make a contribution toward a healthier, lower impact and more sustainable building practices. Users of the code can choose between two methods for showing compliance, the prescriptive and performance paths.
Contains requirements intended to encourage the use and reuse of existing buildings. The scope covers repair, alteration, addition and change of occupancy for existing buildings and historic buildings, while achieving appropriate levels of safety without requiring full compliance with the new construction requirements contained in the other I-Codes.
Provides guidance for safe and sustainable building practices for residential construction, including both new and renovated single-family to high-rise residential buildings. This standard allows builders, designers and communities to choose the levels of high-performance green buildings with the following key provisions:
Construction of smaller homes to conserve resources
Use of low VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) materials, detached garages or carports to improve indoor environmental quality
Homeowner education on proper maintenance and operation to maintain its green status throughout its life cycle
The standard also promotes homeowner education for the maintenance and operation of green residential buildings in order to ensure long-term benefits.
Incorporates innovative technologies including waterless urinals and detailed engineered designs that permit the installation of smaller, more precise water usage and water drainage systems, resulting in the savings of millions of gallons of water which helps communities be more resilient in the face of droughts.
Contains many water efficiency provisions that are noted in the IPC. The provisions in the IRC for collecting, storing, and using various types of no-potable water recognize the growing need for water conservation and the increase in the development of water conservation programs in many regions of the United States.
Presents users with regulations based on outcome, rather than prescription. This indispensable resource provides a broader parameter for meeting the intent of the International Codes, thereby encouraging new design methods. Promotes innovative, flexible and responsive solutions that optimize the expenditure and consumption of resources while preserving social and economic value.
Ensure your community is using the latest codes with the latest water conservation and efficiency best practices. These sample ordinances will provide you the templates that will help you!
Family of Solutions
The Alliance for National & Community Resilience (ANCR)
The Alliance for National & Community Resilience (ANCR - pronounced “anchor”) is an ICC co-founded 501(c)3 national coalition aimed at improving resilience and implementing good community practices in towns and cities across the United States and helping cities prevent infrastructure failure caused by natural and other disasters, thereby avoiding negative social, economic and welfare repercussions caused by such damages. ANCR’s primary objective is the development of a system of community benchmarks – the first system of its kind in the United States – that will allow local leaders to easily assess and improve their resilience across all functions of a community. When adverse events occur, all gears in the local system must continue to function. ANCR intends to give communities a voluntary, transparent, usable, and easily understandable accredited self-assessment that helps to showcase their whole-community resilience and provides a simple gauge of how their resilience continues to strengthen.”
International Code Council Evaluation Service (ICC-ES)
ICC-ES is the leader in the technical evaluations of building products, components, methods and materials. In response to the increased demand for the evaluation of "green" building products, ICC-ES developed the Environmental Programs that provides manufacturers with independent and comprehensive evaluation and/or certification for their products that meet specific sustainability targets. We offer the following services under the ICC-ES VAR Environmental Report and Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) Programs:
ICC-ES VAR Environmental Reports
Evaluation of assemblies for compliance with the provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), the ICC-ES VAR Environmental Program creates reports that are used by code officials, government agencies, architects, engineers, specifiers and many others as an independent, third-party assessment of a product or assembly. ICC-ES VAR evaluates products to green building codes such as:
International Green Construction Code (IgCC)
California Green Building Standards Code (CALGreen)
Evaluates products to green building rating systems and standards such as:
S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
Green Building Initiative's GBI-01 Green Building Assessment Protocol for Commercial Buildings Standard
ICC700-2012 National Green Building Standard
ICC-ES EPD Program
Conducts a Type III environmental declaration program that certifies a manufacturer's EPD as conforming to the requirements of the ISO 14025 Environmental Declaration standard.
International Accreditation Service (IAS)
A nonprofit, internationally recognized accreditation body which accredits a wide range of companies and organizations including; governmental entities, commercial businesses and professional associations. IAS offers multiple programs that accredit organizations whose services may be used by businesses and regulators engaged in providing energy-efficient, sustainable infrastructure. It is committed to facilitate the needs of industry and regulators by identifying energy-related and sustainability standards and by offering accreditation under these “green” standards to testing laboratories and inspection agencies. Recognizing that environmental issues were becoming increasingly important in the construction industry, IAS’s green initiatives convened a “Green” forum in conjunction with the public hearings of the IAS Accreditation Committee. The forum was used to launch an initiative to address environmental concerns and to benefit the organizations that IAS accredits, the construction industry and manufacturers who need independent verification that their products, services and systems truly meet sustainable standards.
IAS offers accreditation for the following sustainable, green and environmental programs:
ICC Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (ICC-SRCC)
SRCC and its certification programs were established in the 1980’s as a direct result of the combined efforts of several state, federal and industry organizations. SRCC operates as various ISO 17065 certification programs for solar thermal collectors, domestic water heating systems and pool heating systems. The programs include valuable third-party performance ratings that allow the direct comparison of collectors and systems for specific applications and locations. SRCC’s certifications and ratings are used by code officials and incentive programs throughout North America and are even used to set rebates and tax incentives. SRCC also develops and promulgates the ICC 901/SRCC 100, ICC 902/SRCC 300 and ICC 902/APSP 902/SRCC 400 standards through ICC’s ANSI-approved standard development procedures.
Presented in an easy-to-reference format, the IgCC® and IECC® Code and Commentaries are a comprehensive and convenient reference for regulations in the International Green Construction Code and the International Energy Conservation Code. These publications focus on providing the full meaning and implications of the codes and are designed to suggest the most effective method of application of the code provisions.
Provides an easy-to-read companion guide to the IECC® for both beginning and experienced code users and accurate information on critical energy code applications in the office and in the field for residential and commercial construction.
Helps the building compliance and design communities to successfully implement the building commissioning process as mandated in the 2012 International Green Construction Code (IgCC) and International Energy Conservation Code. The guideline supports the adoption and application of the IgCC and its alternate compliance paths ASHRAE 189.1 and ICC 700-2008 National Green Building Standard, as well as regional green building codes such as CALGreen.
This document consists of provisions extracted directly from the International Green Construction Code™ (IgCC™) and is designed for ease of access to its water-related provisions. The IgCC Water Efficiency Provisions document offers one of the most comprehensive model code for constructing and remodeling buildings in order to reduce water consumption. It promotes water conservation associated with both the building and the building site. These provisions address systems and components including, but not limited to: plumbing fixtures and fittings, appliances, hot water delivery systems, meters, cooling towers, water treatment systems, alternate water supplies (including rainwater, gray water, and reclaimed water), landscape irrigation systems and car washes.
Published jointly by the International Code Council (ICC) and the National Storm Shelter Association (NSSA) and referenced in the newest building safety codes, this standard provides minimum design and construction requirements for storm shelters that provide a safe refuge from storms that produce high winds, hurricanes, and tornadoes. The magnitude of wind speeds associated with these events require building occupants and residents to evacuate the area or seek protection in a shelter designed for resistance to extraordinary loads and flying debris. The newest ICC Codes now require storm shelters in educational occupancies and critical emergency operation centers located in areas prone to extreme tornados. This standard provides design requirements for the main wind resisting structural system and components and cladding of these shelters, and provides basic occupant life safety and health requirements for these shelters including means of egress, lighting, sanitation, ventilation, fire safety, and minimum required floor space for occupants.
The scope of this standard is based on content from SSTD 10 and material standards’ and is to specify prescriptive methods to provide wind resistant designs and construction details for residential buildings of masonry, concrete, wood-framed or cold-formed steel framed construction sited in high- wind regions where design wind speeds are 120 to 180 mph. The purpose of this standard is to improve building resiliency by providing prescriptive requirements based on the latest engineering knowledge and to provide minimum requirements to improve structural integrity and improve building envelope performance within the limitations in building geometry, materials, and wind climate specified.
The 2018 International Solar Energy Provisions™ (ISEP™) contains the complete solar-energy-related provisions and selected standards from the 2018 International Codes® (2018 I-Codes) in one document. The ISEP is organized such that it provides the best and most comprehensive tool for the design, installation and administration of both solar thermal (or solar heating and cooling) and photovoltaic systems. It includes all I-Code solar energy provisions; solar thermal standards ICC 901/SRCC 100 and ICC 900/SRCC 300; and the solar energy provisions from NFPA 70: 2017 NEC®.
This standard establishes minimum criteria for the design and installation of solar thermal systems used for applications including heating, cooling, dehumidification and co-generation. It describes the minimum requirements and methodologies for the design and evaluation of solar thermal systems and is coordinate with the I-Codes. It is referenced in the 2018 IBC, IRC, IPC, IMC and ISPSC.
This standard establishes minimum criteria for the design, manufacture and testing of solar thermal collectors. It addresses a wide range of solar thermal collectors, including flat panel, evacuated tube, concentrating, integrated storage and unglazed types. It is referenced in the 2018 IBC, IRC, IPC, IMC and ISPSC.
This standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating and labeling the energy performance of residences. The methodology compares the energy performance of an actual home with the energy performance of a reference home of the same geometry, resulting in a relative energy rating called the Energy Rating Index. Where the energy performance of the actual home and the reference home are equal, the Energy Rating Index is 100 and where the actual home requires no net purchased energy annually, the Energy Rating Index is 0 (zero).
This Standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating the airtightness of building envelopes and heating and cooling air ducts, and the airflows of mechanical ventilation systems. These test procedures can be used as building diagnostics, in quality assurance and control, for determining compliance with codes and standards, and to determine input to energy simulations and ratings. The Standard recognizes some test procedures are easier to perform depending on house and HVAC system characteristics, and different codes and standards have specific testing requirements. Therefore, the Standard presents several alternative approaches for each measurement to allow flexibility in application of the standard.
Rainwater Harvesting and Landscape Irrigation Standards:
ICC and CSA released a comprehensive standard addressing the design and installation of rainwater harvesting systems in April, 2018. CSA B805/ICC 805 – 2018 is a ground-breaking standard provides minimum provisions for the collection, storage and treatment of rainwater and stormwater. It also covers a wide range of applications ranging from landscape irrigation to water closet flushing and even potable uses. The standard provides for both prescriptive and performance methods to meet key water quality criteria.
ICC and the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) partnered to create the ICC 802-2014 Landscape Irrigation Sprinkler and Emitter Standard to set uniform testing procedures, and establish minimum design and performance requirements for commercial and residential landscape irrigation components. It is used in the EPA WaterSense Specification for Spray Sprinkler Bodies, to help set testing methods for pressure regulation features to reduce water waste and boost performance. ICC-ES provides certification to this specification for several manufacturers.
SRCC and its certification programs were established in the 1980’s as a direct result of the combined efforts of several state, federal and industry organizations. SRCC operates various ISO 17065 certification programs for solar thermal collectors, domestic water heating systems and pool heating systems. The programs include valuable third-party performance ratings that allow the direct comparison of collectors and systems for specific applications and locations. SRCC’s certifications and ratings are used by code officials and incentive programs throughout North America and are even used to set rebates and tax incentives. SRCC also develops and promulgates the ICC 901/SRCC 100, ICC 902/SRCC 300 and ICC 902/APSP 902/SRCC 400 standards through ICC’s ANSI-approved standard development procedures.
Pool Solar Heating and Cooling Standard:
ICC 902/APSP 902/SRCC 400-2017 Solar Pool and Spa Heating System Standard ascreated and released in 2017 as the result of a three-way partnership between ICC, ICC-SRCC, and the Association of Pool and Spa Professionals (APSP). It brought together code officials, pool builders and solar pool heating experts to produce the first-of-its-kind standard integrating pools and solar water heating systems. The result is a set of design and installation requirements that ensure that solar water heating systems installed on pools and spas work together to ensure safety, water quality and compatibility.
Off-Site Construction Solutions for Today’s Challenges
The building industry is facing multiple challenges, including workforce availability, housing affordability, job site safety, building quality and sustainability. The expanded use of off-site construction (often called modular or prefabrication) is one approach to address these challenges. The International Code Council’s Family of Solutions offers multiple solutions to support the safe and efficient use of off-site construction.
The International Code Council is partnering with the Modular Building Institute (MBI) in the development of a comprehensive standard to address all facets of the off-site construction process including: planning; designing; fabricating; transporting; and assembling commercial and residential building elements. This includes componentized, panelized and modularized elements. This standard will not apply to HUD Manufactured Housing or “tiny homes.” Learn More.
More than 30 million International Organization for Standardization (ISO) intermodal shipping containers are in use around the world today. These containers were built to ISO standards and maintained to standards defined by the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) “Convention for Safe Containers.”
New or used, containers are now repurposed at a pace that makes their reuse a multi-billion-dollar global industry. Containers are regularly repurposed and converted into International Residential Code and International Building Code occupancy uses. As a building material, the applications are widely diverse as is the extent to which the container is used as a structural building element.
Local jurisdictions and state administrative programs are reacting to the growing trend of shipping container repurposing but can be behind in terms of regulations and compliance. This International Code Council Guideline is intended to help state and local jurisdictions as well as owners, architects, builders and engineers in their assessment as to how to design, review and approve shipping containers as a building element. Purchase ICC G5-2019.
Whether new or existing construction, NTA’s Engineering Department can provide you with complete structural engineering calculations and analysis to aid in determining code compliance. NTA has licensed engineers in all 50 states, including the District of Columbia, Guam and parts of Canada.
Our staff of highly qualified engineers is made up of both PE’s (Professional Engineers) and trained design engineers to allow us the ability to offer third party engineering to fit each client’s unique needs, ensuring that each client receives top of the line customer service and quick project turnaround. Learn more.
IAS provides accreditation for structural steel (AC172), reinforced and precast/pre-stressed concrete (AC157) and wood wall panel fabricators (AC196) based on requirements in Chapter 17 of the International Building Code®.
Getting accredited involves an assessment of the fabricators management system and verification that the on-site inspections have met the requirements of industry standards and IAS accreditation criteria. Maintaining accreditation requires periodic assessments as required by the building code. Learn more.
IAS AC157: Accreditation Criteria for Inspection Programs for Prestressed/Precast Concrete Panels
IAS AC172: Accreditation Criteria for Inspection Programs for Structural Steel
IAS AC196: Accreditation Criteria for Inspection Programs for Wood Panels
IAS AC472: Accreditation of Fabricator Inspection Program for Metal Building Systems
IAS accredits the inspection programs of companies that design and fabricate custom engineered metal building systems.
The accreditation is based on requirements in IAS Accreditation Criteria AC472, International Building Code® and related standards. The accreditation criteria covers inspections of metal building system elements that are essential for designing, specifying, building or approving metal building systems. Learn more.
ICC-ES AC462: Acceptance Criteria for Structural Building Materials from Shipping Containers
The acceptance criteria is limited to the evaluation of the reuse of shipping containers as a source of building materials, with the steel components of the shipping containers redesigned for use in the design of steel structures under Sections 104.9, 2204, 2205, 2210, and 2211 of the IBC and R104.9 and R301.1.3 of the IRC. The intent of the acceptance criteria is to evaluate the quality control procedures used to establish and verify the dimensions, chemical and physical properties of the steel components of the shipping containers, and to evaluate the steel components for design in accordance with the provisions of the IBC. Purchase AC462.
ICC-ES AC14: Acceptance Criteria for Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
The prefabricated wood I-joists are used in lieu of sawn lumber joists and rafters. The I-joists are limited to use in combustible roof and floor construction. Purchase AC14.
ICC-ES AC04: Sandwich Panels
AC04 establishes guidelines for the evaluation of all sandwich panels except panels with specific configurations and/or compositions that are covered in other current acceptance criteria. Purchase AC04
ICC-ES AC340: Patio Covers
AC340 establishes guidelines for evaluation of patio covers, particularly with regard to wind and snow loads. Purchase AC340
ICC-ES AC509: 3D Automated Construction Technology for 3D Concrete Walls
AC509 establishes guidelines for evaluation of the material and durability properties of proprietary 3D concrete and the structural performance of 3D concrete walls. Purchase AC509
NTA is an independent third-party agency, offering evaluation, testing, inspection, and certification services to the building product industry. NTA is fully accredited to the ISO 17025 (Midwest/Southwest testing laboratory), ISO 17020 (inspection body) and, ISO 17065 (certification body) standards, ensuring that both consumers and regulatory agencies are confident in our testing services and comprehensive product evaluations. Learn more.
IAS AC478: Accreditation Criteria for Inspection Practices of Metal Building Assemblers
IAS accredits the inspection practices of companies that assemble metal building systems. The accreditation is based on requirements in IAS Accreditation Criteria AC478 and the International Building Code®. Getting accredited involves an assessment of the company’s management system, that includes the assembly processes, internal safety, training programs, periodic jobsite inspections, etc. IAS accreditation establishes a benchmark for companies qualified to assemble and erect metal buildings. Learn more.
ICC is partnering with the Modular Building Institute (MBI) in the development of a comprehensive standard to address the inspection, approval and regulatory compliance of off-site residential and commercial construction components and their assembly and completion at the final building site. This includes: permitting; in-plant and on-site final inspections; third party inspections; the role of Industrialized Building Departments, state modular programs and the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Off-site construction includes componentized, panelized and modularized elements. This standard will not apply to HUD Manufactured Housing or “tiny homes”. Learn More.
IAS accreditation demonstrates that subcontracting companies are competent to provide building department services for communities. The accreditation is based on IAS Accreditation Criteria for Building Code Regulatory Agencies And Third-Party Service Providers (AC251). Getting accredited involves an assessment of the department’s goals, policies, and procedures for permitting, inspections and plan reviews. Learn more.
NTA’s third-party plan review helps to ensure your structure meets or exceeds requirements for quality, safety and performance, as well as being code compliant. We are an industry leader in verifying HUD, modular, residential, commercial and industrial buildings are compliant to the International Residential Code (IRC), International Building Code (IBC) and other state and Federal standards. Learn more.
The ICC Learning Center features a specialty catalog of webinars and online and in-person courses that support code officials and third-party plan reviewers and inspectors for both commercial and residential off-site construction. Learn More.
IAS accredits inspection agencies to ISO/IEC Standard 17020. This accreditation process involves an assessment of the agencies competence for performing inspections and the consistency of their inspection activities. IAS accredits agencies that perform inspections of materials, products, installations, processes or services. Learn more.
IAS provides accreditation for special inspection agencies based on requirements in the International Building Code®, New York City Building Code, Philadelphia Building Code, Southern Nevada Building Code and IAS AC291. Getting accredited involves an assessment of the agency’s inspection procedures, the competence of its inspection staff, and its reporting procedures. Accredited agencies have demonstrated competence to perform special inspections required in the building code and related standards. Learn more.
NTA is the third party of choice for residential, commercial and factory-built housing inspection and certification because of our consistent ability to deliver in-plant quality audits by knowledgeable personnel. We employ professionals that, combined, have completed over 300 building code examinations and have over 190 inspector licenses and certifications. Our network of third-party inspectors enables us to assess in-plant quality control procedures; ensuring consistent quality of your product for code compliance and if needed, help you build an entire quality assurance program. Learn more.
The ICC Learning Center features a specialty catalog of webinars and online and in-person courses that support code officials and third-party plan reviewers and inspectors for both commercial and residential off-site construction. Learn More.
Access to affordable housing is becoming too difficult for too many Americans and more can and must be done. The root causes for the challenge are complicated and multifaceted. To effectuate change, solutions must address not only first costs but also costs associated with operation and maintenance. Getting a family into a home is not enough. They need to be able to afford to live there too. Cheap homes that blow over in the face of modest winds, suffer severe damage from minor flooding, become uninhabitable following low grade earthquakes, or impose unnecessarily high energy and water utility bills are not the type of homes we should be promoting. Their residents deserve more.
Modern Model Building Codes Reduce Operations Expenses without Impacting First Costs
Fortunately, we can promote homes that are affordable, resilient, and energy and water efficient. In January, a FEMA-funded study by the congressionally-established National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) found that up to date model building codes save $11 for every $1 invested through earthquake, flood, and wind mitigation benefits, with a $4 to $1 wildfire mitigation benefit. These benefits represent avoided casualties, property damage, business interruptions, and insurance costs, and are enjoyed by all building stakeholders – from developers, titleholders, and lenders, to tenants and communities. Keeping utility bills low also mitigates default risks, with one recent study finding that energy-efficient homes can reduce the risk of mortgage default by about a third.
Contemporary research continues to find that modern model building codes have no appreciable implications for housing affordability—in fact, no peer reviewed research has found otherwise. Improvements to model building codes’ resilience over the nearly 30-year period the NIBS report studied were found to increase a home’s purchase price by around a half a percentage point in earthquake country or in an area affected by riverine flood. Similarly, a detailed benefit-cost analysis of seismic code adoption for Memphis, Tennessee found that adopting up-to-date codes, for the apartment building studied, would add less than 1 percent to the construction cost (and less to the purchase price, since construction cost typically amounts to between 1/3rd and 2/3rds of purchase price), while reducing annualized loss—in terms of repair cost, collapse probability, and fatalities—by approximately 50 percent.
The cost effectiveness of modern codes is due in no small part to the active participation in the code development process of stakeholders representing development and property management interests. The Building Owners and Managers Association, National Association of Home Builders, and the National Multifamily Housing Council are founding strategic partners of ICC, with each devoting considerable time and effort towards ensuring code updates are practical and cut costs whenever possible.
Greater Uniform Adoption of Current Model Building Codes Would Promote Housing Affordability
Support for more uniform adoption of modern model building codes at the state and local levels could help tackle the affordable housing challenge – both for stick-built homes and modular homes built offsite. Modular homes show promise as an affordable housing solution, capable of curbing construction timelines and reducing costs by 25% or more. ICC is in the process of developing two standards that will help expand the use of offsite construction by promoting more efficient design, fabrication, and approvals.
For both modular and stick-built homes, a more unified code landscape would help minimize construction cost through clearer and more consistent design and construction requirements and quality standards—allowing greater efficiencies for builders, materials manufacturers, and designers. For communities, promoting strong codes can help reduce borrowing costs and incentivize economic investment through reduced threat of loss and better risk pricing.